Islamic and psychological perspective of punishment in behaviorism theory of learning

Posted in Cetusan Pemikiran on 8 March 2018 by Ahmad Kamil

PSYC 1080 – Psychology of Learning

Lecturer’s name: Ms. Nurul Miza Bt. Mohd Rashid

Group member:

  1. Raja Ahmad Kamil Bin Raja Sulaiman 1511143
  2. Mohamed Afiq Bin Talat Mahmood 1520353
  3. Nur Aiman Bin Sulaiman 1525237
  4. Miuhammad Isa Bin Mohd Daud 1622259
  5. Muhammad Aidil Hakm Bin Zahahri 1711313
  6. Muhammad Abid Rifaaie Bin Kamaruzzaman 1715617

1)  Using animals as research tools to explain human behavior

Two of the most salient characteristics of behavioral approach are the heavy reliance on animal subjects and the emphasis on external events (environmental stimuli and overt behaviors) and a corresponding reluctance to spectaculate about processes inside the organism. (Mazur, J.E, 1994)

There has been a few arguments considering the advantages and disadvantages of using animals as research tool. Among the advantages are the possibility of placebo effect or expectancy effect reduced, and animals are subjects that are easy and inexpensive to take care of.

Criticisms to the usage of animals as subjects is because animals are creatures that lack of many important skills such as use of language, reading and solving complex problems. It is not acceptable for us to generalize human behaviors from animals. In addition, ethical issue is that animals should be treated equally like human beings and any pain or discomfort to animals must be minimized to the least extent possible.

2) Islamic and psychological perspective of punishment in behaviorism theory of learning

One of problems discussed in one of behaviorism theory of punishment in learning is person delivering the punishment could become a discriminative stimuli for punishment, with the result that the unwanted behavior is suppressed only when that person is present.  (Symbaluk, D. G., Honey, P. L., & Powell, R. A, 2017, pg. 353)

We would like to give our analytical analysis to this problem mentioned above, using our own example, which is educating five daily prayers.

There is a popular hadith on this matter among Muslim community in Malaysia, that is narrated by Abu Dawood(459) and Ahmad (6650):

‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb narrated from his father that his grandfather said: “The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) said: “Teach your children to pray when they are seven years old, and beat them (lightly) if they do not pray when they are 10 years old, and separate them in their beds.

From this hadith, we attempt to interpret and understand the hadith from behaviorism theory in learning. We explain our analysis of this problem in punishment, in chronological as follows:

  1. There is duration about three years (from 7 to 10 years old) for parents to educate their children about performing five daily prayers, according to this hadith.
  2. If they follow it literally, they have to start teaching their children about five daily prayers when they reach 7 years old.
  3. If they remind and ask their children to perform prayer almost every single day in the period of that three years, then their children should at least understand why they have to do that, because the parents takes it so seriously.
  4. Some parents tend to beat their children when they refuse to perform it after they reach 10 years old, even though they did not take it seriously during last three years (since their children are 7 years old).
  5. Hence, children who are in this kind of situation has tendency to suppress their behavior (not performing prayer) only when their parents (or one of them) ask them whether they have done it or not. However, they will not perform it when their parents are not around.

References

Mazur, J.E. (1994) Learning and Behavior. New Jersey, United States of America: Paramount Communication Company Eaglewood Cliffs.

Symbaluk, D. G., Honey, P. L., & Powell, R. A. (2017). Introduction to learning and behavior. Boston: Wadsworth.

(n.d.). Retrieved March 07, 2018, from https://islamqa.info/en/127233

 

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Kenapa aku pilih Psikologi, bukan Matematik?

Posted in Coretan Kehidupan on 25 February 2018 by Ahmad Kamil

Image result for psychology

[BONUS: Kalau malas baca, boleh dengaq sini: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1mVL6QuRanh9NgL8am7xOg__YPO3Kzhyd/view?usp=drivesdk%5D

Aha.. Lama betul aku tak post apa-apa kat blog ni. Kan? Nak kata tak ada idea, memang ada kot. Aku ni memang jenis banyak fikir. Tapi entahlah.. mungkin motivation tak cukup kuat nak duduk dan taip agaknya.

Haaa.. Samalah juga kan dalam hidup seharian kita. Kadang-kadang kita tak buat kebaikan atau berbakti kepada orang lain bukan sebab kita pentingkan diri sendiri or terlalu busy dengan macam2 hal, tapi sebab kurangnya motivasi nak buat.

Begitulah juga dalam urusan akademik. Ramai je kan kata “nak study la hari Ahad ni”, “jom study sekali”, tapi akhirnya tak jadi pun. Kan? Banyak faktor yang mendorong kepada tak berlakunya apa yang kita harapkan tu.

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Kenali & Fahami Kemurungan(Depression)

Posted in Artikel Ilmiah on 24 July 2017 by Ahmad Kamil

Image result for depression

Oleh: Dr Rozanizam Zakaria, Pakar Psikiatri UIAM

1. Posting ini bukan pasal kematian Chester atau mana-mana selebriti. Bukan juga kerana dua, tiga kes dalam Metro tentang orang terjun bangunan. Bukan juga kerana respon para alim dan pakar psikologi jadi-jadian yang dengan mudah membuat rumusan dari kes-kes sebegini. Bukan juga kerana rasa emosional dengan ‘diagnosis’ pakar jadi-jadian yang mengaitkan masalah mental dengan punca – “sebab tak cukup imanlah tu”, “sebab jiwa kosong tak ada agama”.

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Top 10 Most Popular Posts of My Blog…

Posted in Berita & Makluman on 22 June 2017 by Ahmad Kamil

I’ve been looking back over my traffic stats to see what’s interesting to you, my blog reader.  You also seems to really like lists, so here’s another — a rundown of the top 10 posts published on my blog since its existence in July 2008 until this month (updated monthly):

  1. Centre For Foundation Studies, IIUM…
  2. Berbakti kepada Ibu Bapa
  3. Kepalsuan hadith – Bercakap soal dunia dalam masjid
  4. Penyebaran hadith palsu dan kesannya dalam kehidupan Muslim
  5. Result UPU – Pendedahan Eksklusif
  6. Cerpen “Sebenarnya Saya Suami Dia” – Akhir
  7. Antara suka, cinta dan couple
  8. Filem PK: Kritik agama asas reformasi?
  9. Add Math: Antara Susah & Sikap Kita
  10. Soal Jawab: Bagaimana Pupuk Sifat Sabar?

Thanks a zillion for those who keep visiting my blog. Hopefully, this blog will always benefits to all of you. I welcome feedback from the visitors in order to help me improve this blog.

“Aku rasa nak jadi ahli politik la!”

Posted in Coretan Kehidupan on 29 May 2016 by Ahmad Kamil

Menarik dak tajuk? haha.

Tak? K sentap rasa. Huhu.

Hmm.. tajuk ni gimik je sebenarnya.

Okay.. Lama sebenarnya tak update blog, hampir sebulan dah.

Ahaaa…

Nak share beberapa quote, mafhum kenalan aku (ahli keluarga, saudara mara atau kawan2):

Belajaq elok2, jangan nanti tukaq course lagi pulak naa. Dah 6 tahun nuu kat UIA. Tak malu ka kat junior2

Betul ke nak ambil psikologi ni? susah woi, paling susah among major social/human sciences

Aku rasa hang kena ambil political science la instead of psychology, nampak ada gaya boleh jadi politician

Biaq betoi psychology? Bukan hang pakar maths ka? Serius la doh ambik psikologi

Meh aku nak respon secara terbuka dan umum pasal bidang ni.

Selama ni memang aku sentiasa kritikal pasal bidang yang aku ambil ni.

Serius… memang banyak kali terfikir nak tukar ke sains politik dan jadi aktivis politik.

Yelah.. Tengok politicians kat Malaysia ni majoriti macam tak boleh nak harap. kan? haha.

Tapi.. Tapi.. Tapi…

Semakin lama aku berfikir dan berdebat dengan diri sendiri, semakin kuat pendirian aku untuk setia dengan kebenaran.. Eh.. silap.. setia dengan psikologi.

image

Carry marks intro to political science vs psychology

Sebab tu aku dah impian yang agak jelas (yeke jelas?)

InsyaAllah, aku nak jadi ahli psikologi jenayah, dengan harapan dapat menyumbang kepada masyarakat dari aspek dakwah & tarbiah (umum sangat kan? hehe)

Dan.. antara inisiatif awal ke arah tu adalah aku akan ambil minor in laws insyaAllah, bermula next sem (dengan subjek Malaysian Legal System).

Eh.. apa kaitan criminal psychology dengan laws?

Lu fikir la sendiri, gua dah malas nak taip dah ni. Haha. (Sorry kalau bunyi kuajaq)

Terima kasih la sebab sudi baca (sedih taip takde orang baca, haha).

Moga Allah sentiasa ampuni dosa kita, dan rahmati hidup kita di dunia yang sementara ni. amiin.

[Video] A Short Story of a cigarette smoker

Posted in Coretan Kehidupan on 11 May 2016 by Ahmad Kamil

Assalamualaikum. Hi!

How are you? Hopefully we are always in the blessings of Allah.

This video is on a short story of a cigarette smoker, played during presentation of my team entitled "Cigarette Smoking" during "SOCA 1010 – Introduction to Sociology" class, last Monday.

https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Ftheordinaryguy92%2Fvideos%2Fvb.100003098818693%2F983511725095445%2F%3Ftype%3D3&show_text=0&width=560

Narrator:
Raja Ahmad Kamil Bin Raja Sulaiman

Background music:
Frozen Epica, OST Remember: War of Son (SBS Korea, 2015-16)

Background video:
1. HS Building, IRKHS, IIUM Gombak
2. Final episode of Remember: War of Son (SBS Korea, 2015-16)
_______________________________________________
Watch on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=12DJXH6kk7w

Watch/download through Google Drive: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B4wCGDjj08UzS2N0YS05bjZHbms

English subtitle: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B4wCGDjj08UzQ29ETDNIUXNqNUU

Katakan tidak pada pseudo-psychology!

Posted in Cetusan Pemikiran on 3 May 2016 by Ahmad Kamil

Semua orang harapkan benda yang asli.
Semua orang dambakan produk yang ori.
Semua orang tak inginkan barang tiruan.
Semua orang tak mahu ikut kesesatan…

Betapa sedihnya ahli-ahli hadith apabila hadith palsu dianggap riwayat yang thabit daripada Nabi Muhammad Sollallahu ‘alaihi wasallam.

Betapa sedihnya para saintis apabila nasihat kesihatan palsu dianggap fakta sains.

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